Latest News From MSRA (latest news first)
March 13, 2014
For Immediate Release
Finding a Missing Flight
As everyone waits for information about the missing Malaysia Airlines plane, so too did the people of West Michigan 64 years ago when a DC-4 disappeared over Lake Michigan.
Experts are now saying that it is practically unheard of for a plane to disappear without a trace like Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 did a week ago. But that is exactly what happened in June 1950 when Northwest Airlines Flight 2501 west missing over Lake Michigan, somewhere off Benton Harbor during a flight from New York to Minneapolis with 55 passengers and three crew.
The Navy and the Coast Guard as well as dozens of private planes and boats headed out into the fog-shrouded lake to search for debris and hopefully survivors. They focused the effort off Milwaukee, where two oil slicks had been found, presuming that marked the spot of the crash. But, like this week’s aviation mystery, no airplane debris was located and rumors of a bomb, a hijacking, or pilot misconduct were suspected. Families from around the country who had loved ones on the plane were distraught and wanted answers. Northwest flew many to Benton Harbor, putting them up in a hotel there to wait for answers. The answers were slow to come.
“My father was waiting at the airport in Minneapolis for his father’s plane to arrive, said Ken Skoug of Detroit. “All the Northwest counter agent told him was that the plane was late. He was told to go home and wait and we will let you know when it arrives.”
More than three days after the plane went missing, it would be a small fishing boat out of South Haven that would ultimately help searchers determine what happened. “My father Julius Allers, of the fishing tug Elsie J out of South Haven, hauled up the nets he had set three days earlier,” said Judy Allers Schlaak. “He found pieces of flesh and a suitcase and suspected the plane had crashed on the east side of the lake.”
Hours later the Coast Guard found a massive debris field 12 to 17 miles off Benton Harbor. Clothing, suitcases, small pieces of the aluminum fuselage, human remains, and blankets stamped Northwest, confirmed that the plane had gone down off West Michigan. Everything was brought into the Coast Guard station at St. Joseph for authorities to analyze. Eventually, the human remains were buried in the Riverview Cemetery in St. Joseph. With the death of 58 people, the accident marked the worse aviation accident in this country at the time. But why did it happen?
Holland, Michigan author and explorer Valerie van Heest and her team have been trying to solve that mystery decades after the authorities gave up. She will present the full story of Northwest Airlines Flight 2501 at an event in Holland on March 22, timely considering the current wait for answers about the Malaysia flight.
While authorizes are still hunting for any evidence to determine what happened to the Malaysian flight and 239 people on board, the Coast Guard and the Navy gave up after just five days searching with sonar to locate the sunken wreckage. Black boxes were not in use in 1950 and the recovery of debris from waters as deep as 350 feet would have been difficult if not impossible in 1950.
Authorities felt that enough evidence had been recovered floating on the surface of the lake to confirm that the plane had crashed, but failed to determine a cause in the final accident report.
“Our team from the Michigan Shipwreck Research Association has been working with well-known author and explorer Clive Cussler since 2004 to search for the plane off Benton Harbor,” van Heest said. “While we have not yet found the wreckage, we have determined the reasons for the crash after interviews with dozens of senior citizens who either witnessed the accident or were involved in the investigation.”
The passage of time allowed those people to speak freely and van Heest has assembled their conclusions in her recently released book, Fatal Crossing.
March 22, 7:00 pm
Knickerbocker Theater in Holland
Tickets avaible in advance $12.50 per person at www.MichiganShipwrecks.org
Tickets available at the door for $15
Other programs include:
“The lost aircraft of Lake Michigan” by Keith Pearson, chronicling the loss and recovery of dozens of World War II warbirds from the depths of Lake Michigan.
“Desperate Voyage” by David Trotter of Canton, Michigan, about his recent discovery of the Civil War era side-wheel steamer Keystone State lost in Lake Huron in 1861 and rumors of gold and war-related contraband.
“Deckhand for a Day” by Neel Zoss & Valerie van Heest of MSRA who take you aboard the historic Maumee, a Great Lakes freighter that used to regularly deliver coal to Holland.
Michigan Shipwreck Research Association is a 501(c)3 non-profit organization dedicated to researching, seeking, discovering, and documenting Michigan shipwrecks and interpreting Michigan’s maritime history for the public. The organization is responsible for the discovery and identification of nearly two dozen shipwrecks in Lake Michigan.
Images of the presenters, shipwrecks, airplanes, and logos are available at:
For further information, contact: Valerie van Heest of MSRA 616-566-6009
Annual Shipwreck Show Features
WWII Aviation Graveyard Discovered
in Lake Michigan
For immediate release:
In the early days of World War II, the U.S. needed fighter pilots. But the oceans were too dangerous to train them. So, hundreds of new pilots, including 18 year old George H. W. Bush, were trained on Lake Michigan, taking off and landing on old Great Lakes steamers refitted with makeshift flight decks. Not surprisingly, some of these planes ended up at the bottom of the lake.
Now, seventy years later, A&T Recovery of Chicago has recovered numerous WWII era warplanes for restoration including a Grumman F4F Wildcat fighter, a Douglas SBD Dauntless dive-bomber and the only known remaining Vought SB2U Vindicator scout-bomber.
Each spring, Holland-based Michigan Shipwreck Research Association and the Joint Archives of Holland annually bring the latest news of Great Lakes shipwreck discovery and exploration to local audiences through an annual “Mysteries and Histories Beneath the Inland Seas” event in Holland. This year’s program will focus on the discovery of dozens of rare World War II fighter planes and dive bombers resting in the depths of Lake Michigan. Several of these planes have been recovered and subsequently restored, and are now on display at museums throughout the US, including the National Naval Aviation Museum in Florida.
It’s a full evening of Great Lakes shipwreck and aviation discovery headlined by Keith Pearson of A&T Recovery in Chicago a member of the recovery dive team.
The evening’s other programs include:
“Fatal Crossing” by MSRA co-director Valerie van Heest, chronicling the loss of Northwest Airlines Flight 2501, a DC-4 airliner that disappeared over Lake Michigan on June 23, 1950, and the quest for answers. Join Valerie as she travels the country interviewing those involved in this disaster and pieces together the fateful truth!
“Desperate Voyage” by David Trotter, telling the tale of the loss of the Civil War era side-wheel steamer Keystone State in Lake Huron in 1861. The loss generated rumors of gold and war-related contraband. Dave Trotter and his team located the wreck in 2013 and dove to confirm the rumors.
“Deckhand for a Day” with Neel Zoss & Valerie van Heest who take you aboard the Maumee, one of the Great Lakes Freighters seen arriving and departing at Holland Harbor, for a cross-lake voyage.
The annual event, with MSRA co-director Craig Rich serving as emcee, is at 7:00 pm on March 22 at the historic Knickerbocker Theater in downtown Holland, Michigan. Tickets are available in advance for $12.50 at www.michiganshipwrecks.org or in person at the offices of the Joint Archives of Holland, at 9 East 10th Street. Show admission is free with MSRA membership. Tickets are $15 at the door. Doors open at 6:00 pm.
Michigan Shipwreck Research Association is a 501(c)3 non-profit organization dedicated to researching, seeking, discovering and documenting shipwreck throughout the Great Lakes. They and their members/partners are responsible for the discovery and identification of nearly two dozen shipwrecks in lake Michigan. The group brings maritime history and heritage alive for audiences through presentations to historical societies, museums, libraries, schools and other institutions.
Images of the presenters, shipwrecks, airplanes, and logos are available at:
For more information, contact:
Craig Rich: 616-813-8678 / email@example.com
Valerie van Heest: 616-566-6009 / firstname.lastname@example.org
Keith Pearson 708-579-0619 / email@example.com
MSRA Receives Ghost Ships Grant
(March 16, 2013 – Milwaukee, WI) — Holland, Michigan based Michigan Shipwreck Research Association is the 2013 recipient of the annual grant awarded by the Great Lakes Shipwreck Research Foundation of Milwaukee, Wisconsin for its work to discover, document and preserve shipwrecks in the Great Lakes.
MSRA board members Valerie and Jack van Heest and Craig Rich received the award on Saturday, March 16, 2013 in Milwaukee at the annual Ghost Ships festival, the annual gathering of shipwreck historians, writers and practitioners.
MSRA Announces speaker line-up for 2013 Mysteries & Histories event
(February 14, 2013- Holland, MI) — Michigan Shipwreck Research Association has announced the speakers who will appear at the 15th annual “Mysteries & Histories Beneath the Inland Seas” event. This annual event raises funds for the group’s effort to research, discover, and document historic shipwrecks in the Great Lakes by providing an evening of discovery and entertainment for its members and the general public.
MSRA’s Jack van Heest will present: Farewell Keewatin, a touching homage to the S.S. Keewatin which recently was purchased and moved from its 45 year home in Saugatuck/Douglas to its new — and historic — home in Canada.
David Trotter, the most prolific shipwreck hunter in the Great Lakes presents Taking New York By Storm, the story of the loss and recent discovery of the Steamer New York in lake Huron.
MSRA’s Valerie van Heest presents Topless on the Beach: Exposed Shipwrecks at Grand Haven, a look at recently “exposed” shipwrecks around harbor Island in Grand Haven. Recent low water levels have revealed the remains of several important vessels which served on the Great Lakes for decades, but which came to sad endings in the Grand River.
Ric Mixter, Michigan-based videographer, adventurer, and diver, will present a 100-year look back at The Great Storm of 1913, one of the most horrific events to hit the Great Lakes. More than 250 sailors on twelve vessels lost their lives in this “storm of the century,” and some of the vessels lost one hundred years ago remain missing today!
MSRA’s Craig Rich presents Through Surf and Storm: Shipwrecks of Muskegon County Michigan, based on his recent book of the same name. Craig will feature the stories of six losses to illustrate obver 100 shipwreck tales in his latest book.
The 2013 show will be held at the historic Knickerbocker Theatre in downtown Holland, Michigan at 7:00 pm on Saturday, April 20, 2013. Tickets are available at: http://msra.eventbrite.com/#
Michigan Shipwreck Research Association is a Holland, Michigan-based, 501(c)3 non-profit organization whose mission is to preserve and interpret Michigan’s Maritime History.
Historic Steamer Aurora Identified
(December 13, 2012) Low lake levels in the fall of 2012 resulted in the exposure of at least five shipwreck hulks along the edges of Harbor Island in Grand Haven, Michigan. Michigan Shipwreck Research Associates was called in to survey and identify the vessels, in particular, the largest located just east of the public launch ramp on the island first spotted by area residents Bill and Shirley Martinus.
On Friday December 7, 2012, MSRA board directors Valerie Van Heest and Craig Rich, teamed up with Kenneth Pott, a maritime archaeologist and director of the Tri-Cities historical Museum in Grand Haven to survey the larger wreck.
Study of the hull construction, exposed propeller shaft cradle at the stern and exposed sides of the vessel led them to initially conclude that the vessel was a large steamer 40 feet wide and at least 165 feet in length, though an additional amount forward toward the bow end appeared buried.
Van Heest, Rich, and Pott worked with historian William Lafferty, of Lafferty van Heest and Associates, who narrowed it down to two possibilities: the 185-foot L. L. Barth abandoned at Grand Haven in 1927 or a significantly larger vessel, the 290-foot Aurora, burned in 1932.
A survey east of the visible portions of the wreck conducted by Valerie and Jack Van Heest, Craig Rich and Larry Hatcher of MSRA on Sunday December 12, revealed a structure well over 200 feet long, and led the team to conclude that the vessel is the Aurora.
“The Aurora was a very significant ship when built in 1887,” Van Heest indicated, “and it’s thrilling to be able to study its remains now.”
When launched by the Murphy and Miller of Cleveland on August 23, 1887, the 290-foot, steam-driven propeller was the largest and most powerfully built wooden vessel on the Great Lakes. The 3000-ton vessel was initially owned by John Corrigan of the Aurora Mining Company of Milwaukee which paid $150,000 for its construction. It was used to ship iron ore from the Gogebic Range Ironwood, Michigan, to Cleveland and coal from Cleveland on the return trip.
“Not only did the length lead to our likely identification of the vessel, but the visible portions of the hull framing supported that notion as well.” Kenneth Pott indicated.
According to records detailing its build, the Aurora was constructed with Kentucky Oak. Frames were spaced on 21” centers 18 inches wide. Iron straps 5” wide by ¼” thick were hot riveted into the hull and bent around the turn of the bilge. The firm Bassett & Presley, of Cleveland, supplied the iron.
At the time of the Aurora’s build, ironed-hull ships were still in their infancy. The technology of using iron straps allowed the builders to fabricate this immense ship with wood.
“It is fascinating to be able to see this unique construction methodology in the flesh so to speak,” Rich noted.
Frame sizes and remaining iron strapping on the wreck are consistent with this information, forming, along with the dimensions, a nearly positive conclusion as to the identity.
On December 12, 1898, the Aurora burned to the water line at Bois Blanc in Detroit River where it had been fast in ice for several days. The owners chose to rebuild the 11 year old vessel into a barge to be towed, spending
$50,000 in the rebuild. In that capacity, the barge changed hands several times, eventually, coming under the ownership of the Morton Salt Company in 1916. The company laid up the vessel upon the downturn in the economy in
1927 and it was towed to Grand Haven and eventually burned in 1932, its remains left in shallow water on the north side of Harbor Island to rot, an inglorious ending to a long and significant career.
Erosion of the Grand River since 1932 is evident with the discovery. “After the fire, river sediments built up over the forward half of the vessel, eventually several trees and marsh shrubs sprouted over the wreck and the river course shifted.” Van Heest pointed out. “The current environmental changes revealed the portion that had only been covered with water.”
Coincident to this discovery, the Aurora is included in Van Heest’s latest book, Lost & Found: Legendary Shipwrecks of Great Lakes for its role in November 1898 towing the David Dows, the largest schooner on the Great Lakes, on what would be the Dows last voyage. The Aurora was forced, because of a storm, to abandon the Dows. It sank a few hours later.
MSRA Announces date for 2013 Mysteries & Histories event
(December 23, 2012)Michigan Shipwreck Research Association, the Holland, Michigan-based non-profit organization whose mission it is to preserve and interpret Michigan’s Maritime History, has announced the dat for its annual “Mysteries & Histories Beneath the Inland Seas” event.
The 2013 show will be held at the historic Knickerbocker Theatre in downtown Holland, Michigan at 7:00 pm on Saturday, April 20, 2013.
The group will announce special guest speakers and presentation topics at a later date.
Historic Shipwreck Found by MSRA in Deep Water off West Michigan
(April 5, 2012 Holland, MI) –The non-profit Michigan Shipwreck Research Association (MSRA) has discovered another shipwreck lost off the shores of West Michigan.
MSRA directors, Jack and Valerie van Heest and Craig Rich, discovered the wreck of a schooner while working with side scan operator David Trotter last summer. It rests in utter blackness 350 feet beneath the surface of Lake Michigan about twenty miles off the coast of Grand Haven. It is a remnant of the Age of Sail on the Great Lakes when schooners provided the primary means of transportation. Some 2,000 shipwrecks went down in deep water in Lake Michigan; hundreds more were driven into shallow water where they ended their days pounded to pieces by the surf.
This shipwreck ranks as the deepest schooner yet found in Lake Michigan. MSRA divers waited until a calm day in October to make the dangerous dive because the water is warmest that time of year. They could only spend 15 minutes on the bottom but had to spend two hours decompressing, a process that rids the body of compressed nitrogen that could cause the bends.
The diver’s video revealed an intact two-masted schooner about ninety feet long. A substance below deck may represent the cargo, possibly grain. The vessel has a unique scroll bow seen only on schooners built in the early to mid-19th century, making this a very old schooner.
“In trying to identify the wreck, I researched a number of schooners lost off West Michigan, Valerie van Heest, author of several shipwrecks books and a museum exhibit designer, said. “Most went down carrying lumber, a buoyant cargo that normally ripped through the decks of wooded vessels when they sank.”
Van Heest found only one lost ship that corresponded to the features and cargo of this wreck: the St. Peter, a schooner thought to have gone down in Lake Michigan closer to Wisconsin than Michigan. Built in 1868, the St. Peter, named for the Patron Saint of Sailors, was lost in 1874 on route from Chicago to Buffalo, New York, while carrying a load of wheat. The patron saint may well have been looking out for the crew because every man survived and later reported that they abandoned the sinking ship about 35 miles off Milwaukee.
“If this is the wreck of the St. Peter, then it drifted east for some time, coming to rest on the opposite side of Lake Michigan, significantly father east than the crew reported,” Craig Rich, author of two local shipwreck books, noted.
An official document that survived more than a century, indicates the St. Peter had a scroll bow, like found on the wreck.
The van Heests and Rich have located fourteen wrecks while working in partnership with David Trotter and nationally acclaimed author Clive Cussler and his NUMA team, including Ralph Wilbanks and Steve Howard. The trio has been able to easily identify some of the wrecks based on unique features. They immediately identified the Hennepin, a wreck that the team found off South Haven in 2006, when they saw the conveyor belt and A-frame that matched historic photos of the vessel. They knew they had found the Michigan in deep water off Holland when they saw the ship’s name engraved on the cover of a piece of machinery.
Others shipwrecks, like this newly discovered schooner, don’t leave such obvious clues. Many schooners looked alike. Paint on name boards rarely survives decades underwater. “It requires significant research to be able to identify the wreck, and then the conclusion is tentative,” Rich said.
“We would like to retrieve a sample of the cargo to have it chemically analyzed,” Van Heest indicated. “If it proves to be wheat, we can be more certain it is the St. Peter.”